It is mistaken to think that fabric is created only for clothes. Intexti fact wherever you go you will something made with fabric – whether it is seats in your car, blinds in your office or sheets you sleep on. So fabric has many fields of application, which are determinated mostly with quality and property of this fabric. So let’s see which fabrics find the most usage in business and commercial purposes.
Textile, or fabric, is a material made of yard or treads which are connected together by knitting, woven, knotting, crocheting or pressing.
Fabrics that are utilized for commercial use can be divided into 3 categories:
- Natural. They are produced out of vegetable fibers and animal raw materials. This type of fabric includes cotton, linen, jute, wool and silk
- Artificial – such fabric are manufactured out of natural organic (cellulose, proteins) and non-organic (glass, metal) raw materials. The most common fabrics are viscose and acetate.
- Synthetic fabrics are made of polymer fibers. Raw materials for this type of fabric are natural gas, oil and coil. The most well known fabric of this type is nylon, polyester and elastane.
Cotton is one of the most spread textiles. It is values for its properties – hygroscopicity, durability, ease to be dyed, ease of maintenance, it is also highly hygienic. Among drawbacks is crease retention but it is easy solvable by the adding fibers of other materials in a blend. Due to its properties cotton is used for making bed-clothes, underwear, socks, clothes, robes, table linen and many others.
Linen – fabric made of flax. It is one of the most strong fabric, especially among vegetable fabrics. Linen fabrics are breathable, with good water absorption properties, dust and dirt resistant, withstand high temperatures. Linen fibers, unlike cotton, do not have inner hollows, which retain heat, that’s why linen clothes is perfect for hot summer days. Besides clothes, linen is used in household textile (towels, napkins, tablecloths, curtains, bed sheets).
Silk – has a very attractive smooth and slightly shimmering look. They are durable, lightweight, drapes well. Despite being durable, it easy crumples and not stain resistant, so it is mostly being used in clothes (dresses, blouses, linens of coats), underwear, bed clothes, and also as accents in furniture, curtains, tablecloths.
Wool – is made out of wool and fluff or sheep, goats, rabbits, lamas, etc. They are durable, breathable, water resistant, warm and soft. Besides clothing, wood is used for furniture sheathing, blankets, insulation, shoes.
Viscose (rayon)– this fabric is made out of cellulose, and its properties are similar to cotton’s and linen’s – air permeable, with attractive appearance, easy to dye and take care of. Besides, artificial textile cost less comparing to natural fabrics. The look of viscose fabric can be smooth and silky, or it can more resemble cotton look. Disadvantages of viscose are shrinking in hot water, it wrinkles and less durable, especially when wet. This material is used for outwear, clothes, domestic textile, and also, having excessive flammability it is utilized to reinforced mechanical rubber commodities (tires, hoses) and even in aerospace industry.
Acetate fabric has a look resembling silk. This textile is easy to drape, it is soft and lightweight. It is cheap to manufacture however has a number of disadvantages –it wrinkles, prone to stains, relatively not durable, can be ironed only when wet. It is used for clothes (blouses, wedding attires, linen of jackets and outwear), curtains, home furnishings.
Polyester – one of the most spread fabrics. It is strong, durable, wear resistant, with high tenacity. It dries fast, easy washable, however it is not stain resistant. Polyester fibers do not absorb water, it can’t withstand high temperature. This textile is used in apparel, furniture, bed sheets, and domestic textile. For industrial purposes it is utilized for robes, safety belts, as insulation material.
Nylon – is a silky material, lightweight, easy to wash and maintain, hygroscopic, with good weathering properties. Nylon is used in apparel, upholster furniture, flooring, women stocking are made of nylon. Industrial usage of nylon is following: parachutes, tires reinforcement, tents, ropes.